Makoto Kumagai - Multi-Functional Core Public Space
My name is Makoto Kumgai. I am from Japan. I would like to introduce my project.
The title of my design project is Multi-Functional Core Public Space. Through this project, I made new public space in the existing shopping center.
I chose Hoog Catharijne as my site, a large urban redesign project in the Dutch city of Utrecht was planned in the 1960s in order to increse Utrecht's economic capacity. It includes office buildings, apartment buildings, parking lots, a new railway station, a concert hall, a bus station, and the largest indoor shopping mall in the Netherlands.
I will introduce it in brief. According to a book named Unbuilding Cities, written by Anique Hommels, a group of concerned residents founded an activist committee in 1970. Among other things, it organized a protest rally attended by about 4,000 people on the day of the official opening of the complex in June 1973. Moreover, critics argued, Hoog Catharijne lacked the social function of meeting place inner cities should have.
After I analyzed Hoog Ctharijne, I realized the some problems. First problem is a lack of functional public space. Second problem is a lopsided flow line. So in order to resolve these problems, I designed the Multi-Functional Core Public Space which includes waiting space, airy open space, relaxing space, and cafe.
My essay theme is 'Configuration of shopping centers and malls'. Through this essay, I focused my research on flow line of five shopping centers and malls.
Now, people do not hope that shopping centers and malls should be just a huge area, and that they have everything. They already have known what they have. Shopping centers and malls have to find out differences with new shopping facilities which will come out in turn in order to survive. So now they need the notion of an aggregate of attractive shops, an economical movement, one-stop shopping, airy atmosphere, branched passage which customer is easily able to go back the main route and depart from the main route, and migratory flow.
However I am not able to decide only one figure of shopping centers and malls, even if it is very noble idea. Because the figure depends on the country, site, consumer character and so on. For example, if the site locates the outskirts, it may be suitable for not “Spairal type” but “Improved American traditional type”. I believe that most important thing is that we correctly apply proper figure to proper place, and not to make new figure in advance but to research the place, circumstance where we plan.