Yongdeok (Jan) LimAlumnus
War is Peace
Freedom is Slavery
Ignorance is Strength.
These are the slogans of the English Socialist Party of Oceania in George Orwell's novel entitled 1984. Even now, it is hard to believe that these paradoxes could make any sense, but they do.
Love and hate, admiration and scorn, obeisanceand rebellion, independence and reliance, pleasure and pain, hope and fear, taboo and desire, Eros and Thanatos, sadism and masochism, yin and yang, and so on. These contradictory notions compel uncanny confusion when they are faced. Both ultimate extremes meet;there are no absolute opposites. As thisencounter with ambivalent phenomenais situated at anextremely abstract and broad dimension, it becomes complicated to answercertain questionsthrough empirical reasoning. This floating moment tocall upon our memories and allied abyss leads to disorientation with anxiety and clouds judgement.
Under the larger conflicts,ambivalence is repressed by defense mechanisms. It destabilizes familiar divisions between two opposites within preconceived metaphor systems, oscillating evanescently on the periphery of rationalizedborders. Nothing stands still. Voltaire said that ‘uncertainty is an uncomfortable position. But certainty isan absurd one’. Multifarious interventions in the interstitial space between overlapping boundaries leads to the twofoldstate of coherence and incoherence. In responseto the fragmented body, the parts are either exaggerated and/or a different function is adopted by such differing articulations. According to the parallax view upon the generative moment, a substance is able to be a subject as well as an object in a certain context. It is analogousto a Mobius strip maintaining homeorrhesis thatbinds seemingly incongruent standpoints together and cuts problems into questions again in a chaosmos. Furtherinterconnectingto comprehendthe subject and object that deconstructs xenialdialogues and opens up to intersubjectivity.